100% natural antiseptic which primarily uses the astringent effect of tannins extracted from oak. These, supported by other natural extracts, are specially concentrated to achieve exceptional anti-inflammatory effects; personal customers' reviews can be found on TONSILS.EU and ANGINA.EU.
It is best to follow the dosage recommendations listed on the Streptokill label: 5 - 20 administrations of 2 - 4 sprays per day, applied directly to the affected areas of the throat and then swallowed. You may also gargle the medicament after diluting it in a small glass of water, using the ratio of 1:3 (1 part Streptokill, 20 spurts = ca 2 ml, + 3 parts water (tea spoon = ca 6 ml).
The severity of symptoms should dictate the volume and frequency of Streptokill administeration. In other words, if your symptoms are severe, then it is best to proceed according to the higher end of our dosage recommendation range; if, conversely, your symptoms are mild, then the lower end of the range will be more appropriate. It is crucial, in any case, to use Streptokill as soon the first symptoms manifest, eg. when someting first feels wrong in your throat.
The use of Streptokill in response to any and every abnormal feeling in the throat is the best method of prevention. Use when the throat is in full health is unnecessary, and we advise against it on the risk of sensitization; upon first signs of scratching or discomfort, however, Streptokill administration is fully and strongly recommended.
This, of course, does not mean that the administration of Strepokill in response to every minor discomfort will prevent you from ever having a sore throat, largely due to the fact that some infections are viral and must be dealt with by your immune system, which on average takes 2 - 4 days.
Regular care and good oral hygiene with the help of Streptokill has, however, been shown to yield excellent results as detailed in our customer reviews. Should your symptoms be minimal, merely a feeling that there could be something wrong in your throat, it is enough to administer one spray onto each tonsil; eventually a single spray into the back of the throat, followed by a number of swallows in order to better distribute Streptokill, should suffice.
For clear pain and soreness in the throat, it is best to follow the dosage recommendations listed on the Streptokill label: 5 - 20 administrations of 2 - 4 sprays per day, applied directly to the affected areas of the throat and then swallowed. You may also gargle the medicament after diluting it in a small glass of water, using the ratio of 1:3 (1 part Streptokill, 20 spurts = ca 2 ml, + 3 parts water (tea spoon = ca 6 ml).
Below, you can find basic information about tonsillitis; if you wish to view this information in a more comprehensive and user-friendly form, we recommend that you visit out specialized pages on tonsillitis: www.angina.cz
WHAT IS TONSILLITIS
It is an infection of either viral or bacterial origin, which results in the inflammation of the palatine tonsils. Tonsils impacted by illness lose their ability to fight infection and, on the contrary, may become a liability during recovery.
The tonsils are large, oval-shaped collections of lymphatic tissue found in the back of the throat, where they act as filters trapping viruses and bacteria that enter the body through either the nose or mouth. Tonsils also produce antibodies which help during the fight against these foreign threats.
The human body is euipped with three types of tonsils. The two that have already been mentioned, located at the back of the throat, are the PALATINE TONSILS. Additionally, one tonsil in the rear wall of the nasopharynx is called the ADENOID, and two LINGUAL TONSILLS are located at the back of the tongue.
SYMPTOMS AND TYPES OF TONSILLITIS:
Symptoms of tonsillitis include sore throat, fever, disrupted breathing, and difficulty swallowing caused by tonsillar enlargement, as well as swollen glands in the front part of the neck.
There are four types of tonsillitis: acute tonsillitis, recurrent acute tonsillitis, chronic tonsillitis and obstructive tonsillar hyperplasia.
• Acute tonsillitis: this type has a quick onset with easily recognizable symptoms; for example, fever, intense pain in throat, difficulty swallowing, headaches, and dizziness, most often caused by Streptococcus bacteria.
• Recurrent tonsillitis: recurrent strikes of tonsillitis happen within a single year. At first, this type of tonsillitis responds to treatment by antibiotics, but eventually it will grow a resistance and return frequently.
• Chronic tonsillitis: fluctuating symptoms that last a significant amount of time, and infections that remain even after treatment have been distributed; the person feels ill and fatigued for the duration of this type of tonsillitis.
Chronic tonsillitis is very commonly found in children and adolescents up to the age of 15. This is because, as we grow older, our tonsils stop working for the body's immune system and therefore they become less susceptible to infections and inflammations, as their exposure to pathogens decreases.
• Tonsillar hyperplasia: growth slows, the patient's physical and mental state is negatively impacted, and, in children, this type of tonsillitis caused short-term breathing problems during sleep (sleep apnea).
When a doctor suspects tonsillitis to be affecting their patient, a simple test can be performed; a sample is taken from the back of the throat witha cotton swab. Then the cotton swab gets tested in order to establish whether the patient has tonsillitis, and whether its cause is bacterial or viral.
CAUSES OF TONSILLITIS
There are many viral and bacterial causes of tonsillitis, but the most common is the streptococcus pyogenes bacterial infection. Other causes are the Epstein-Barr virus, influenza virus, adenoviruses, parainfluenza viruses, and herpes simplex virus.
Streptococcus bacteria belongs to the genus of coccus, to the group of lactic acid bacteria. Under a microscope, strep bacteria look like a cluster of round berries. Single cells may be shaped like sphere or egg. Strep bacteria are responsible for a number of diseases, such as rheumatic fever, strep pneumonia, strep throat, scarlet fever, and so on.
Tonsillitis is spread from infected people by sneezing, coughing or breathing. These airborne infected droplets may infect you as you breathe them in. It is also possible to get infected through exposure to pathogens (agents that cause the infection) which cling to objects that infected people touch, and that later come to contact with another's mouth, eyes or nose. Symptoms begin to manifest 2 to 55 days after exposure. If the infected person begins their treatment with antibiotics, he or she stops being contagious approximately 24 to 48 hours later. When the person take no steps toward treatment, he or she may remain contagious for up to two weeks.
The incubation period of tonsillitis, from the moment of exposure to the infection to the break out of the disease, is between two and four days. In some cases it will break out more quickly.
The best tonsillitis prevention is a healthy diet, physical activity, stress-management, and last but not least maintaining personal hygiene. Routinely washing your hands prevents viruses and bacteria from spreading. It is also a good idea to minimize contact with people who have been infected by strep bacteria and who have not yet begun their treatment.
The most common treatment for tonsillitis caused by strep bacteria is that of antibiotics, eg. Penicillin. If the patient has an allergy to penicillin, erythromycin is used instead.
When antibiotics are prescribed to treat tonsillitis, it is crucial to take the full dosage for the whole length of the treatment; otherwise, bacteria may reappear and multiply. When tonsillitis is caused by virus, antibiotics are not being used because they are ineffective.
The usual treatment in this case is fever management, adequate hydration, etc. Sometimes complications such as PERINTONSILLAR ABSCESS occur, and they should be drained with a syringe and needle, cutting it open with scalpel or by means of a tonsillectomy.
When the airways get obstructed by tonsillar enlargement, then longer treatments by antibiotics or short treatments of cortisone medications (steroids) are prescribed to fight inflammation.
If the human body is attacked by bacteria and its defense systems cannot help themselves, it is sometimes necessary to explore other options. One of these options is antibiotics. Antibiotics are strong medicines used to kill bacteria (unfortunately this includes good bacteria, which are essential for the healthy functioning) or to prevent them from reproducing further. At the same time, they fight against parasites and fungi. It is important to know whether the infection stems from a bacterial or viral source.
If it is caused by a virus, antibiotics are not able to fight the infection. The common cold, the flu, bronchitis, and coughs are some examples of viral infections. If the infection is caused by a virus, taking antibiotics can cause further problems because the bacteria in our bodies may develop a resistance to them, thereby preventing those antibiotics from being effective in the future. It is crucial to use antibiotics as prescribed and to carry through with the entire treatment until the end.
Unfortunately, there is a negative side to taking antibiotics. Each time we take them, there is a possibility that the bacteria in our body will become resistant to them and eventually will be able to withstand their affects; any further treatment will become ineffective. Antibiotics kill all bacteria, good and bad.
The WORLD HEALTH ORGANIATION warns of antibiotics' decreasing efficiency and the risks associated with their use.
An untreated case of tonsillitis may cause a number of complications. The infection may spread the pharyngeal tonsils or the adenoids; it may also produce a rheumatic fever, or even an infection of the heart muscle (angina pectoris).
If the prescribed treatment does not prove effective and the tonsillitis presists, frequently returning, then removing the tonsils may be appropriate. This procedure is called a TONSILLECTOMY. Tonsillectomies are surgerical procedures in which the tonsils are surgically removed from a patient's throat.
In certain cases, only a partial removal of the tonsils can be sufficient. The surgeon will remove the full tonsils in the case of chronic tonsillitis. The procedure is conducted entirely through the patient's mouth.
WHEN IS A TONSILLECTOMY PERFORMED?
- when antibiotics are ineffective
- when the patient experiences sleep apnea
- when the tonsillitis becomes chronic
- when the patient suffers from loud snoring
- difficulty swallowing or eating (when the tonsils are enlarged)
- tonsillar abscess
TYPES OF TONSILLECTOMY:
- removal by scalpel is the traditional and most frequent method
- LTA (laser tonsil ablation) is the removal of the tonsils by laser
- a microdebrider reduces the size of the tonsils by rotating shaving instruments equipped with a suction device
- electrocautery burns the tonsil tissue away. It simultaneously seals the blood vessels, reducing blood loss
In most cases, the tonsillectomy is successful; there are, however, several possible complications of which some could be life threatening.
Some complications may occur during surgery, for example:
-the patient's reaction to anesthesia
Some complications associated with a tonsillectomy are:
- throat pain
- difficulty swallowing
- pain in patient's ears, jaw or neck
It usually takes the human body up to 2 weeks to fully recover from a tonsillectomy.